Ed Morrissey of Hot Air sits down with Buddy Roemer in New Hampshire to talk about the presidential race.
Delightful chat with former LA Governor Buddy Roemer.
Abstract: A November 2011 Heritage Foundation report—“Assessing the Compensation of Public-School Teachers”—presented data on teacher salaries and benefits in order to inform debates about teacher compensation reform. The report concluded that public-school teacher compensation is far ahead of what comparable private-sector workers enjoy, and that recruiting more effective teachers will be more difficult than simply raising salaries. The debate over the report’s findings has generated substantive inquiries as well as some misconceptions. Here, the report’s authors respond to questions and concerns, in the process showing that certain critical accusations—such as undercounting teachers’ work hours or overestimating retirement benefits—are simply false. The broader implication of the authors’ research is that the current teacher compensation system is not working. The United States needs a more rational system that pays teachers according to their performance.
Our recent report, “Assessing the Compensation of Public-School Teachers,”  concluded that, on average, public-school teachers receive total compensation that is roughly 50 percent higher than what they would receive in private-sector employment. While salaries are at appropriate levels, fringe benefits push teacher compensation far ahead of what private-sector workers enjoy. Consequently, recruiting more effective teachers for public schools will be much more difficult than simply raising salaries.
The report has drawn considerable attention from media outlets, policymakers, and teacher advocates. Several scholars welcomed our report as a valuable contribution, but a number of misconceptions about the report have also been circulating. In some cases, critics rushing to judgment have made claims that are flatly incorrect. Other commenters have raised more substantive issues about measuring teaching compensation.
Our goal has been to inform debates about how to reform teacher compensation. It is in that spirit that we address common questions and concerns about our argument that public-teacher compensation is above fair market levels, seeking to refocus the discussion on our original objective.
Issue: Teachers work at home and on weekends, not just at the school building during classroom hours. How did you measure teacher work hours?
Perhaps the most common misconception is that we somehow undercounted the number of hours that teachers work. For example, Stanford University’s Linda Darling-Hammond claimed that we generated our conclusions only “by underestimating the actual hours that teachers work—using ‘contract hours’ rather than the 50-plus hours a week teachers actually spend preparing for classes, grading papers, and communicating with students and parents outside of school hours.”
Where Darling-Hammond got the idea that we used “contract hours” is not clear, but it could not have come from reading our study. We relied on teachers’ self-reports of the hours they work, not on contract hours.
The Current Population Survey (CPS) asks the following question: “In the weeks that [you] worked, how many hours did [you] usually work per week?” The median number of work hours per week reported by teachers was 40, which is the same as reported by non-teachers. Some teachers in the CPS work more than 40 hours, and some work fewer, but overall their hours are not dramatically different from those of other professionals. If a teacher did report working, say, 60 hours per week, we accepted that number.
Could teachers have misunderstood the CPS question as referring only to hours worked while physically in the school building? The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) took an even more detailed look into teacher hours using a time-use survey, in which individuals create detailed logs of what they are doing over the course of an entire day. The BLS noted that teachers do, in fact, put in more work time at home and on weekends than other professionals. But do teachers work longer hours overall? According to the BLS, the answer is no. The average workweek for teachers is a little under 40 hours, similar to what teachers reported in the CPS.
Though she did not cite a source, Darling-Hammond’s claim of “50-plus hours” worked by teachers echoes a survey conducted by the National Education Association (NEA). According to the NEA, teachers report an average of 50 hours per week “spent on all duties.”
There are two major problems with interpreting this NEA number. First, only 37.8 percent of teachers to whom the NEA sent its survey completed it. (The minority of teachers who filled out the eight-page, 64-question survey could plausibly work longer hours during the school year than the average teacher.)
Second, the NEA survey specifically probes for extra work time outside normal work hours. Using the NEA data to compare work hours between teachers and non-teachers would require asking non-teachers the same set of detailed questions about hours worked both at the office and at home. Otherwise, only teachers (not workers in general) would be nudged to report more hours than their initial intuition tells them.
Do some teachers work long hours? Yes—and when they do our study accounts for it. But do teachers as a whole work longer hours than workers in other occupations? The reliable data say no.
Issue: Shouldn’t teachers receive a premium for how hard they work in general?
Related to the work-hours issue is the difficulty of teaching in general. Teaching certainly does require hard work and dedication, but many people work hard who are not teachers. One of the ways to assess whether teaching requires a compensating differential for work difficulty is by comparing public-school-teacher salaries to private-school-teacher salaries. Since both sets of workers are teachers, the daily demands they face will be more similar to each other’s than to the non-teaching experience. But teachers in public schools receive average salaries that are 10 percent higher than salaries of teachers in private schools, and the disparity persists even after controlling for school and student characteristics.
Issue: Teachers pay for classroom materials out of their own pockets. How does that affect your analysis?
In a press release responding to our report, the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) cited “hundreds of dollars” per year in personal funds that teachers spend on their classrooms. Barnett Berry of the Center for Teaching Quality made the same point, putting the number at $356. Other data support an even higher amount: the Schools and Staffing Survey reports that in 2007–2008, 92 percent of public-school teachers reported spending their own funds on school supplies or other needs, with average spending at $415 per year.
This follows an argumentative pattern similar to the first two objections we have listed: Teacher advocates make a point about the difficulty of being a teacher and then assume, without evidence, that this difficulty must be greater than that of other professions. We know of no systematic data on personal funds spent by non-teachers. Even if one assumed, however, that non-teachers suffered zero out-of-pocket expenses, the amounts spent by teachers on classroom supplies would have little effect on our analysis. Average teacher salaries and benefits total well over $100,000 per year, and our measured teacher compensation premium over the private sector exceeds $30,000.
In addition, teachers enjoy a special federal tax deduction of up to $250 for work expenses. The deduction is above-the-line, meaning that teachers are eligible even if they have high-earning spouses or do not itemize their other deductions. According to IRS data, 3.8 million individuals filed for the educator-expense deduction in 2009.
Finally, we note that rising costs for teacher compensation, in particular pensions and retiree health benefits, may constrain or reduce the funding available for classroom materials.
Issue: Teachers with long tenures accrue greater retirement benefits than younger teachers. Did you overestimate the value of retirement benefits by looking only at veteran teachers?
Education Secretary Arne Duncan claimed that we “exaggerated the value of teacher compensation by comparing the retirement benefits of the small minority of teachers who stay in the classroom for 30 years, rather than comparing the pension benefits for the typical teacher to their peers in other professions.” Similarly, Barnett Berry of the Center for Teaching Quality claimed that we “didn’t consider” the fact that some teachers leave the profession before collecting benefits.
These claims are false. While we used a 30-year veteran teacher as part of a simple example to begin our pension discussion, our study makes clear that teachers with less tenure receive lower benefits than veteran teachers. For that reason, we valued pension compensation based on the “normal cost” of providing benefits, which is the average value of benefits accruing to all employees in a given year. This value takes into account many factors, including the fact that some teachers do not stay in the profession long enough to collect benefits. So our estimate accurately reflects the value of pension benefits for the average teacher.
Issue: Did you account for the fact that some teachers do not collect Social Security benefits?
Roughly one-quarter of public workers at the state and local level, many of whom are teachers, do not participate in the Social Security system. Our report accounts for this by assigning public-school teachers a lower average value of employer contributions toward Social Security than private-sector workers.
Teachers often suggest that not participating in Social Security is a disadvantage. However, Social Security pays middle-income and upper-income workers a below-market rate of return, generating only about two-thirds of the benefits that workers could receive by investing in safe government bonds. In contrast, public pensions pay employees guaranteed implicit returns more than double those available through government bonds.
Put another way, Social Security imposes an “implicit tax” on participants by collecting more in contributions than it will return to them in benefits. Teachers who do not participate in Social Security are naturally exempt from this implicit tax. By and large, teachers and other public employees benefit from not participating in Social Security.
Issue: Standardized tests are unfair measures of teacher skills. What about communication, organization, and management ability?
Our report notes that teachers score lower on standardized tests than other college graduates. In one section, we used the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) to measure whether teachers are paid commensurately with their cognitive skills. They are. When controlling for AFQT scores rather than paper educational credentials, teachers receive salaries on par with private-sector workers.
Two critics claimed that the AFQT is designed to measure specialized vocational skills, such as automotive and electronics knowledge. This confuses the AFQT with the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB), a set of 10 tests of which the AFQT modules—word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, arithmetic reasoning, and mathematics knowledge—make up only four. So we are not asking teachers to service a car engine or build a circuit board, as the critics have implied. We measured teachers’ reading and math skills, which have value both in the classroom and in the broader labor market.
What about other skills not covered on a math or reading test? Teaching certainly does involve important organizational and interpersonal skills that formal tests may not capture, but these skills have wide market applications. If teachers are not fairly paid for their non-cognitive skills, one would expect teachers who shifted to private-sector jobs to receive significant raises. But they do not. Using data from the Census Bureau’s Survey of Income and Program Participation, we are able to track changes in individuals’ salaries as they switch jobs. We have shown that the average public-school teacher suffers a slight wage decrease upon leaving the profession.
Issue: Shouldn’t you have controlled for test scores and years of education, not test scores alone?
Another criticism focuses on the choice of control variables in one of our regressions. Traditionally, economists use statistical techniques (called “regression analysis”) to compare salaries while controlling for a wide variety of differences between workers, including their educational attainment. We have done so in our own work on federal employee compensation.
But years of education is problematic for analyzing teacher pay. Most teachers receive degrees in education, which is widely held to be a less rigorous field of study than the average college curriculum. Research based on the Collegiate Learning Assessment concludes that education majors accumulate significantly less knowledge during college than students majoring in social sciences, humanities, math, or science. Likewise, most evidence suggests that master’s degrees in education do little or nothing to improve the teaching output of degree holders.
If education programs impart less knowledge, one would expect education majors to earn less after graduation than majors in other fields. Thus, assuming that teachers should automatically earn the same salaries as other workers with bachelor’s or master’s degrees—and calling teachers “underpaid” when they do not—is highly questionable.
To more accurately compare teacher salaries, we used the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a survey that includes scores on the AFQT, a cognitive test battery taken by 94 percent of respondents in the dataset. Unlike years of education, which may differ in quality or rigor, the AFQT is objective: Each person takes the same test.
Should our calculations control for education and AFQT score, or for the AFQT score alone? Some critics preferred the former, while we opted—openly and following discussion in our study—for the latter. Our goal was to replace a noisy and indirect measure of cognitive skills (years of formal education) with an objective one (AFQT score). Including both variables in the regression would make sense if we thought that education alone was a fair measure of skills across occupations but simply leaves out other skills that the AFQT measures. While it may seem natural that “more is better” when it comes to control variables, education is not merely an incomplete skill measure when it comes to teachers—it is a flawed and misleading one.
Our approach is not new. Derek Neal of the University of Chicago, who for most of the past decade was editor in chief of the Journal of Labor Economics, coauthored a widely cited 1996 paper in the Journal of Political Economy that used the same regression specification (AFQT included, education not included) for many of the same reasons.
Neal and coauthor William R. Johnson showed that the difference in wages between whites and blacks is dramatically reduced when controlling for AFQT scores, but barely reduced when controlling for education. Here is a key passage from their paper:
Some have argued that our specification should include controls for both AFQT and either years of schooling or years of schooling following the AFQT. We prefer the AFQT only specification for several reasons. Given AFQT, schooling measures serve as proxies for skills that either are not captured by AFQT or are acquired after the test date. In either case, schooling is an indirect measure of these skills, and it is straightforward to show that given the other controls in our specification, this source of measurement error introduces a bias toward overstating the black-white wage gap. Further, as we noted previously, this bias will be magnified if years of schooling is not only a noisy measure but also one that systematically overstates the relative skill of blacks.
Replace “black” with “teacher” and “white” with “non-teacher,” and this passage would fit well in our own report. Now, it turns out that including both AFQT scores and education in Neal and Johnson’s regression would not change their results much, while with teachers the differences are larger. The point, nevertheless, remains.
The AFQT regression is just one of three major results we use to argue that public-school teacher salaries are at roughly market levels. Another is that public-school teachers receive higher salaries than private-school teachers, and the last is that workers who switch between public-school teaching and non-teaching jobs make more when they are teachers. Perhaps most important, we show that—even if public-school teachers received salaries significantly lower than comparably skilled private-sector workers—more generous fringe benefits are more than enough to make up the difference.
Issue: Many teachers have been laid off recently, so how could they have extra job security?
Secretary Duncan says that we “appeared to create out of thin air an 8.6 percent ‘job security’ salary premium for teachers—despite the fact that hundreds of thousands of education jobs were lost in the recession and teachers continue to face layoffs.”
As our report made clear, job security is not the same as a job guarantee. Some teachers have lost their jobs, but the data show that, over the past five years, public-school teachers were only half as likely as workers in other white-collar occupations to become unemployed. That extra security has a value, and we described in detail our method for quantifying it.
Issue: If teachers are overpaid, why don’t more people want to be teachers? And why do so many teachers quit?
AFT President Randi Weingarten responded to our study by asking, “If teachers are so overpaid, then why aren’t more ‘1 percenters’ banging down the doors to enter the teaching profession? Why do 50 percent of teachers leave the profession within three to five years…?”
In fact, teacher colleges nationwide regularly graduate tens of thousands more students than can possibly find teaching jobs. As Stanford University’s Eric Hanushek writes:
The U.S. has for a long time trained considerably more teachers than the number of positions that annually become open in schools. For example, in 2000, 86,000 recent graduates entered into teaching, even though 107,000 graduated with an education degree the year before.
These figures underestimate excess demand for teaching positions, since they omit non-education majors who become teachers. Shortages of specific kinds of teachers—math and reading specialists, for example—do exist, but the average teaching position is easily filled.
Turnover is high among new teachers, as it is among most professions. But over a full career, “the average rate of teacher turnover is very close to similar professions,” write Douglas N. Harris and Scott J. Adams in the Economics of Education Review. Turnover among public-school teachers is also considerably lower than among private-school teachers.
Issue: Even if current teachers are overpaid, shouldn’t we still pay more to recruit better ones?
Jonathan Chait of New York magazine writes that the best interpretation of our findings is: “Pay teachers badly, and you’ll get a lot of bad teachers…. If we paid teachers more, we’d get better teachers.” This is a misinterpretation. Our study shows that teachers are currently compensated much more than the level and quality of their skills. In other words, American taxpayers are paying for better teachers than they are getting.
This is why an across-the-board increase in teacher pay is not likely to improve teacher quality. The fact that public-school teachers are today compensated above market levels implies a fundamental problem with current hiring practices. The money is already there, but higher teacher quality has not come along with it.
Economist Dale Ballou demonstrated in the Quarterly Journal of Economics that “Important indicators of a strong academic background and cognitive ability do little to improve the prospects of an applicant for a public school teaching position.” Many of the best teaching applicants—those who graduate from more competitive colleges, earn higher GPAs, or hold degrees in specialized areas, such as math or science—are turned down in favor of less qualified candidates who took the traditional route of majoring in education.
Given Ballou’s results, raising teacher pay without structural reforms will not put more highly qualified teachers in the classroom. In fact, Ballou and fellow economist Michael Podgursky have argued that higher pay without reforms could lower the quality of teachers in the classroom. Higher pay would reduce the number of teacher retirements, lowering the number of job openings for new teachers. Higher pay also would attract more applicants, but as Ballou’s paper indicates, this is no guarantee that the best applicants would be selected. Under these conditions, Ballou and Podgursky estimate that a 20 percent across-the-board salary increase would raise the average SAT scores of teachers in the classroom by only two points, from 925 to 927.
Issue: Education is extremely valuable to society. Shouldn’t teachers be compensated for the value they create?
In labor economics, it is generally held that employees are paid their “marginal product”—that is, they receive compensation equal to their contribution toward producing additional goods or services. If paid less than that, they will move to competitors who pay them more. If paid more than their marginal product, their current employer loses money.
It is important not to confuse marginal product with total product. If there were no schools and no education, for instance, future incomes would, obviously, be far lower. But the relevant question is not whether education is important in general, but how much the average teacher improves upon it. Although education is extremely valuable, the marginal product of one additional teacher is much less so. Indeed, the number of teachers per student has risen significantly over the past five decades without a clear impact on student achievement.
One can consider how much a student’s future earnings are increased by having good teachers rather than mediocre or poor ones. This is a margin where teacher pay is more relevant, since it is the individual teacher who contributes to students’ future earnings. In a well-publicized article, Eric Hanushek estimated that more effective teachers can lead to large increases in students’ future earnings. But this finding says nothing about how high the average teacher’s salary should be—it argues only for differential pay, a policy that we would welcome. The larger the effect of high-quality teachers on students, the larger the pay differences should be between high-performing and low-performing teachers. As it stands, in most schools there is little or no compensation bonus for the best teachers.
Issue: Other countries pay their teachers much more than the U.S. pays its teachers. Are they all overpaying their teachers as well?
Several commenters have cited data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) showing that relative teacher salaries are lower in the U.S. than in other industrialized nations. The OECD ranks the U.S. 22nd-lowest out of 27 industrialized nations, with American teachers receiving just 60 percent of what comparably educated and experienced non-teachers earn in the U.S.
This result is questionable. Both our own report and past studies have demonstrated that American teachers receive an average of 80 percent to 90 percent of what comparably educated American workers earn in salary, with no estimates as low as 60 percent. Furthermore, the OECD report does not compare fringe benefits, which we have shown are the main drivers of the teacher compensation premium.
Even if we accept the OECD report at face value, it does not directly relate to our own research question, which is whether public-school teachers receive compensation on par with their skills. Better paid teachers in other countries may simply be more skilled than American teachers. Countries that impose higher standards on the teaching profession—by raising entrance requirements to teacher colleges, for example, or by successfully recruiting the best applicants for teacher positions—might be justified in paying higher relative wages than the U.S.
Our research contradicts this assumption. The average public-school teacher receives more compensation as a teacher than he or she would in the private sector. In other words, the public is already overpaying for the existing teacher workforce.
The current teacher compensation system is not working. Absent structural reforms, an across-the-board pay increase will have little impact on teacher quality. What is needed is a more rational system that pays teachers according to their performance, encouraging the best teachers to stay and the least effective teachers to leave the profession. Unfortunately, public-school administrators rarely have the flexibility in personnel management that is needed to implement this kind of policy. Ultimately, teacher-pay reform is likely to be most successful in school systems free of the regulatory burdens imposed by union contracts and school district bureaucracy.
—Jason Richwine, Ph.D., is Senior Policy Analyst in the Domestic Policy Studies Department at The Heritage Foundation, and Andrew G. Biggs, Ph.D., is a Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute.
In a curious twist of affairs, the stock market ended 2011 pretty much where it began-the SP500 index closed virtually unchanged. At the beginning of the year, market commentators were emitting cheerful vibes about an expected recovery. At the end, they were doing the same, and gushing over how the “falling” unemployement numbers would be a boost for President Obama.
But the economy churned out a series of very mediocre growth and job numbers. And the markets reflected this- a flat SP500, a loss of nearly 2% for the NASDAQ, and a modest gain of 5.5% for the Dow, which is dominated by well-capitalized firms with global reach. (In the Obama economy, the big guys do the best!) Even the vaunted drop in the official unemployment rate is suspect. It is artificially low because 1) of an increase in temporary hiring for the Christmas holidays, 2) discouraged workers dropping out of the market and, most importantly, 3) the onset of a demographic tidal wave- the retirement of the baby boomers, the first of whom reached the official retirement age in of 65 in 2011.
But as we saw in the recent presidential debate, the chattering classes are badgering Republicans about the credit they are willing to give President Obama for the “recovery”. The markets may not be hot, but the air is.
Endorsed by over half the current statewide leadership of TFRW — More GOP women leaders support Cruz than any other candidate
AUSTIN—The Ted Cruz campaign announced today that it has now earned the endorsement of more than 200 leading Republican women across Texas, continuing its remarkable momentum in the U.S. Senate race. Among the individual women leaders supporting Cruz are numerous current and former statewide officers of the Texas Federation of Republican Women, former Republican Womens’ club presidents, and leading Republican women activists.
Cruz has been publicly endorsed by markedly more Republican women leaders than has any other campaign. Indeed, Cruz has been endorsed by over half of the current statewide leadership of TFRW that is permitted to and intends to endorse in Republican primaries.
(Note: These are individual endorsements. The Texas Federation of Republican Women does not and cannot endorse in a Republican primary, and current TFRW club Presidents and Campaign Activities Chairs are not permitted to endorse.)
“I am honored and humbled to have the support of Republican Women all across Texas,” Cruz said. “Nothing in Texas politics is more unstoppable than the passion and commitment of Republican Women.”
Diane Fulton, the former President of the Austin Republican Women’s Club, said that there is a stark contrast among the candidates running for Senate in Texas. “This election isn’t about just electing any Republican. These are serious times, and we need a Senator who will lead the fight for Texas,” Fulton said.
“The grassroots are with Ted, period. Simply put – Ted Cruz is a conservative we can trust. He doesn’t just talk conservative, he has walked the walk,” TFRW District Director Sue De Villez stated. “Ted Cruz has a proven track record of standing up and leading the fight to defeat the Obama agenda.”
In addition to over 200 Republican women leaders, conservative leaders all across Texas have coalesced around the Cruz campaign, including: Cathie Adams, Ernie Angelo, David Barton, George P. Bush, Tim Lambert, Kelly Shackelford, George Strake, and Peggy Venable.
To date, Cruz is the only candidate in the country to be endorsed by three of the leading conservative organizations in a Republican Senate primary: FreedomWorks PAC, Club for Growth PAC, and the Senate Conservatives Fund. It is is also the only campaign in the country supported by four of the very strongest conservatives in the Senate: Jim DeMint, Mike Lee, Rand Paul, and Pat Toomey.
Talk about irony. The front page of today’s Washington Post featured a large photo of a Rick Santorum rally in New Hampshire, with two of MRC’s “Don’t Believe the Liberal Media!” signs front and center. That’s nice, but perhaps the Washington Post should read its own front page more often.
Just days ago, a Post columnist personally and viciously attacked Senator Rick Santorum’s family over how they dealt with the death of their newborn son. Even though some at the Washington Post recognize their paper’s dislike of Santorum and his social-conservatism, this hasn’t stopped the paper from printing outrageous and offensive content on its pages.
Tea Party favorite,Todd Palin, has endorsed Newt Gingrich for the GOP presidential nomination will Sarah be next? What effect, if any, would a Sarah Palin endorsement have on this race?
Chris Horner explains the Environmental Protection Agency’s “environmental justice” grants.
NOTE: The Times article opens up by citing a recent tweet from Texas Sen. John Cornyn, the chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee: “If POTUS runs ‘against Congress’ how does he explain D controlled Senate?”
From the Riverfront Times:
An interesting political article in today’s New York Times pinpoints incumbent Sen. Claire McCaskill as a potential casualty this November if President Obama continues to campaign on an anti-Congress platform.
Experts say the oft-deadlocked Congress of last year is a fair target for President Obama, who lately has ridiculed lawmakers for throwing roadblocks in front of his initiatives. Obama has aimed his assaults at both Congressional chambers, and his prime punching bags, not unsurprisingly, have been Republicans. Recent polls suggest that Obama’s strategy is resonating with voters.
But Democrat Congressmen have not eluded the critiques. And for McCaskill, a moderate Democrat in a state that recently turned from purple to red, Obama’s strategy portends a tougher battle in an already-challenging race against her eventual Republican challenger — be it U.S. Rep. Todd Akin, former State Treasurer Sarah Steelman or another candidate.
It’s somewhat ironic that McCaskill could become collateral damage to Obama’s anti-Congress campaign; during the 2008 election, McCaskill emerged as one of then-candidate Obama’s fiercest loyalists. The senator from Columbia was a spokeswoman of sorts in the failed Democratic effort to swing Missouri into Obama’s favor, and the two politicians have since remained close friends.
The Republicans need four seats to take over the Senate. They are defending ten seats, while the Democrats are defending 23. The Republicans already control the House of Representatives, and they are most vulnerable to Obama’s sideswipes.
Unemployment Would Be 10.9% If So Many Hadn’t Stopped Trying To Find A Job: Unemployment would be substantially higher if so many Americans had not become discouraged and stopped looking for work in the past three years. As Louis Woodhill writes today, “December marked the 30th month of Obama’s economic recovery. During this time, the reported unemployment rate fell from 9.5% to 8.5%. However, this ‘improvement’ was entirely an artifact of workers giving up and dropping out of the labor force. In fact, if labor force participation had remained constant at the 65.7% level that obtained at the end of the recession (June 2009), December’s unemployment rate would have been reported at 10.9%.”
Debt Grows By $1.2 Trillion In 2011: According to the Department of Treasury, the total national debt grew by $1.22 trillion between January 1 and December 31 in 2011. During 2011, the national debt grew by $3.3 billion per day, or about $30 every day for each household in the U.S.
Entitlement Crowd Out: In a recent WebMemo, Heritage Foundation researchers explain ”driven by entitlement programs—Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid—total federal spending will explode from 24 percent of GDP in 2011 to nearly 35 percent by 2035 while the debt held by the public is projected to reach a staggering 185 percent of GDP. By mid-century, these three programs alone would devour total tax revenues, crowding out other vital priorities such as national defense.”
By Chuck Muth
The Republican presidential race is coming to Nevada in just a couple weeks – and not only have Nevada Republicans blown their opportunities leading up to it, but there’s a good chance they’ll end up botching the caucus itself on February 4.
Last January, the Nevada GOP was awarded the prestigious Western Republican Leadership Conference (WRLC) – the first time the event has been held in Las Vegas since 1995. But the October event was so sparsely attended that most of the speakers spoke to a room full of empty chairs. Even A-list speakers, including presidential candidates, attracted only a couple hundred in the audience.
By contrast, the Southern Republican Leadership Conference in June drew several thousand.
More importantly, while the WRLC should have been a fundraising gold mine for the Nevada GOP – raising enough dough to fund the presidential caucus, as well as the party’s operations for the duration of the campaign season, as well – I’m told it ended up barely breaking even.
And then there’s voter registration.
The fastest growing bloc of voters are voters registering as non-partisan/independents. Indeed, the GOP has been bleeding Republicans from their ranks for years. The good news for them, however, is that many independents who voted for Obama in ’08 are now suffering a serious case of buyer’s remorse.
So the past year has been a golden opportunity to reverse the Democrat voter registration advantage in the Silver State. All Republicans had to do was launch a serious “We Want You Back” program and inform independents that the ONLY way to vote in the Nevada GOP presidential caucus was to re-register as a Republican.
But back to the Republican presidential caucus. This has got to be the Mother of All Missed Opportunities – and “spinning” it otherwise ain’t gonna change that fact.
First, let’s give credit where credit is due.
Nevada was able to obtain third-in-the-nation status in the presidential selection process thanks to the efforts of Harry Reid back in 2007. And the Democrats took full advantage of the opportunity. Lots of Democrat candidates campaigned in here lots of times, including the eventual winner. There were multiple debates and forums…and we even had Joe Biden stop by a small coffee shop in Carson City while I was there!
Now contrast that with Republican candidates in 2011.
Mitt Romney has been here a couple of times to raise money and hold a press conference. Ron Paul has been here a couple of times. Herman Cain, no longer in the race, made a few stops here. But that’s it. The next Nevada campaign stop for the rest of the candidates – other than the October presidential debate – will be their first campaign stop here.
Now, one reason is that Romney did so well here in 2008 that most of the other candidates have just conceded the state to him. That’s a reality and it’s unfortunate. But the fact remains the Nevada GOP has done absolutely nothing to encourage/badger/threaten/bribe the GOP candidates to get their butts here in person and spend some campaign cash with us.
And that was before the party caved in to whining from New Hampshire and threats from the Republican National Committee and gave up its valuable (if played correctly) third-in-the-nation position and moved its caucus to fifth-in-the-nation because, as Nevada Republican National Committeeman Bob List said back in November, they were being the “adult” in the situation.
And what did that get Nevada Republicans? Bupkis.
To the best of my knowledge – at least through the New Hampshire primary – not a single Republican presidential candidate has visited the state since the Nevada GOP moved its caucus from January 14 to February 4. Naïve Nevada Republicans did their good deed…and got the shaft anyway.
From the WRLC to voter registration; from presidential visits to the presidential caucus, at least Nevada Republicans have been consistent in one area: They consistently never blow an opportunity to blow an opportunity.